D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

How many is a million?

                                        How many is a million?

To answer this question is simple. Without being facetious or flippant it is one more than 999,999. If you lived in a city of 999,999 you wouldn't say that your city had 999,999 people or was one less than a million. Rather, you would round it up and say that your city had one million residents. Once a city reaches the million mark then it becomes important. However, can we really understand the concept of a million people in the abstract when they are spread out at different locations? That is the exact issue we face when we try to understand that a million Uighurs look like who are incarcerated in "education" centers.

The Chinese government classifies Uighurs as either terrorists or potential terrorists. The Uighurs within the razor-barbed wire are terrorists. It is easier to understand how many terrorists are in this pen because they are but a small sample. They are also in rows and columns. Perhaps one might guess there are about 3000 Uighurs imprisoned in the photo.

There is a systematic abuse of Turkic Muslims in Xinjiang Province of northwestern China. "Since May 2014, the Chinese government has waged what it calls the “Strike Hard Campaign against Violent Terrorism” (严厉打击暴力恐怖活动专项行动) in Xinjiang.1 Of course, China doesn't understand how they may be creating terrorists by repressing what it regards as terrorism.

The abuse of human rights in these prisons is of a scale and scope unheard of since the time of the Cultural Revolution from 1966-1977. Abuses during the Cultural Revolution in China were covered up by the Chinese government. They may be therefore repeated in a revival of Maoism in a Second Cultural Revolution--just as the Party's mistakes in the Tiananmen Square massacre which were covered up may be repeated in Hong Kong.

One can imagine that there are roughly 3000 Uighur prisoners in the photo. Since the Uighur prisons are spread out with different numbers in each prison then what would a million prisoners look like if they were together? To comphrehend this number one might look at the recent demonstrations in Hong Kong.

A critic might argue that this is an unfair comparison because the Uighurs are in prison, but the Hong Kongers who demonstrate are not in prison. It seems though that the demonstators feel like they are in a prison where restrictions are increasing daily and that they may be extradited to a prison in the mainland under the proposed Extradition Bill. The Chinese government has already hinted that the actions of the demonstrators exhibit some characteristics of terrorism.

There has been a demonstration of actually 2 million Hong Kongers on the streets. The demonstrators filed down Arsenal Street and captured Hennessy Road, Admiralty. To see it in fast motion speed in unbelievable. However, you will not see the one million mainlanders who have emigrated to Hong Kong. Almost all of them do not participate in the demonstrations for various reasons. The Hong Kongers are concerned about this "invasion" of their territory by mainlanders who speak Mandarin rather than Canonese. The Hong Kong government is insisting at the demand of the Chinese government that Hong Kongers speak Mandarin. The best jobs and positions are being allocated to those who speak Mandarin and have Party connections. Is it any wonder then that 2 million Hong Kongers have turned out to demonstrate from a total population of over 7.3 million?



                     Anti Extradition Bill Rally of 1 million

                   June 09 Rally from different perspective

Therefore, if you want to see what one million Uighur prisoners would look like if they were together in one place and protesting their circumstances and condition then all you have to do is to view the pictures of the demonstration on June 09, 2019. That was the day that one million Hong Kongers turned out to protest. They turned out to oppose the Extradition Bill which the Hong Kong government proposed, later declared was dead and which could be reinstated in the future.

With regard to the more general picture the repression of minorities on the Chinese borders began in Tibet. There was an influx of Han to the region so that the Han now outnumber Tibetans who have become a minority. Then, the repression moved to Xinjiang where there was an influx of Han to northern regions of Xinjiang whose purpose was to contain the Uighurs on the northern boundary. Turkic Muslim Uighurs were then sent to detention centers which are prisons by any other name. The repression has now moved to the southern border. Rights of Hong Kongers have systematically decreased since territory reverted to China. Hong Kongers are being overwhelmed with the influx of migrating mainlanders and visitors.

The plans of the Beijing government have been temporarily set back because of the resistance of Hong Kongers to loss of their freedom. The government though in a step-by-step fashion plans to quell the resistence and rebellion on the southern boundary before it moves on to Taiwan or the eastern border. Because Taiwan is an island it will require an invasion. If the eastern border is secured then China will be in a position to undertake a blockade of the Malacca Strait of the South China Sea. Then, the countries bordering an expanded China will fall like dominoes.

However, the attempt to secure all four borders is not just outward looking, but inward oriented. China wants to contain the mainland. It will try to do this by eliminating resistance at the exterior borders. Then, it will be in a position to quell any possible rebellions or revolutions in the interior that threaten the Party.

The Party has embraced revolution since its inception, but it wants revolution on its own terms of AI, surveillance, Social Credit System and One Belt One Road--not the nasty kind which might overthrow it. However, mainland citizens are now becoming aware of the resistance to Communist rule and Neo-Maosim on the southern border. They see that there is another option to passivity. They are starting to remember the devastating effects of the Cultural Revolution where 40 million died of starvation. They wonder why people are comparing the anniversary of Tiananmen Square to the demonstrations on the streets of Hong Kong with troop carriers based in Shenzhen on a moment's ready notice.

One million Hong Kong demonstrators is a large number. One million mainlanders who have migrated to Hong Kong, but who do not participate in the demonstrations is a large number. It is not difficult to see what one million Uighurs would look like if they had the opportunity to peacefully demonstrate either in Hong Kong or Xinjiang Province. Finally, twice one million or two million demonstrators give a new meaning to Double Unhappiness.

1. https://www.hrw.org/report/2018/09/09/eradicating-ideological-viruses/chinas-campaign-repression-against-xinjiangs

2. https://www.voacantonese.com/a/hk-march-against-fugutive-law-amendment/4951689.html

D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi