D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi

Hong Kong Riots


                      Entrance of Hong Kong Polytechnic University

After pitched battle, Hong Kong police move on university campus, begin mass arrests

Washington Post

November 16, 2019

HONG KONG — After an intense, day-long battle, police surrounded anti-government protesters inside a university late Sunday and began to make mass arrests, escalating the struggle over Hong Kong’s campuses in the city’s now-six-month struggle for democracy.

Skirmishes between police and protesters raged into the night outside Hong Kong’s Polytechnic University, leaving the air thick with tear gas and a police vehicle burning.

As police continued to bombard protesters with water cannon, they warned stronger measures could follow.


Explainer: Why China-made tear gas is more dangerous

George Colclough

May 1, 2020

In the case of the Norinco NF01, a 38mm CS round produced on the Chinese mainland, magnesium and aluminium power are used as accelerants to aid combustion. Both of these serve to raise the temperature of the submunitions to 500°C or higher after being discharged. These temperatures degrade the CS gas discharged by the submunitions and release poisonous carcinogenic dioxins.

This temperature alone makes the submunitions dangerous if touched, and hot enough to burn through asphalt. And chemical analysis of spent NF01 cartridges shows that the carcinogens within also include cyanide gas.



Hong Kong protesters seek refuge in Canada

Steven Chase Robert Fife

May 3, 2020

Forty-six people with Hong Kong citizenship applied for asylum claims between Jan 1, 2019 and March 31, 2020, according to a source with knowledge of the matter. The claims, which are all pending, were received at airports, Canada Border Security Agency bureaus and Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada offices (IRCC) across the country. The Globe and Mail is not identifying the source, who was not authorized to speak about the issue.

Under Hong Kong law, rioting is defined as an unlawful assembly of three or more people where any person “commits a breach of the peace," and a conviction can carry a 10-year prison sentence. Civil-rights groups around the world have condemned this public ordinance as giving police overly broad discretionary powers and allowing disproportionate punishment.


“We will use the minimal force,” police said in a Facebook video. “We are asking the rioters to stop assaulting the police using cars, gas bombs and bows and arrows. Otherwise we will use force including live rounds.”


Hong Kong cop hit with arrow in leg as hours-long protest clashes intensify outside Polytechnic University

Holmes Chan

November 17, 2019

A police officer was hit by an arrow on Sunday outside the Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) as violent clashes broke out between pro-democracy protesters and law enforcement. Police deployed tear gas, projectiles, and fired blue dye from water cannon trucks.

For the first time, the force also used a device mounted on an armoured truck to emit high-pitched noises – which police later identified as a “Long Range Acoustic Device” (LRAD).

The Hung Hom campus of PolyU has seen pitched battles between protesters and police since Tuesday.

The campus is close to the toll plaza of the Cross-Harbour Tunnel, enabling protesters to block the major crossing for days.

On Sunday, police said a member of its media liaison team – typically dressed in a blue vest – was “struck in the calf by an arrow” at around 2pm. The officer was taken to the hospital in a conscious state.

Another officer’s visor was struck by a metal ball, though it did not result in injury, the force added.

“Police warn that the violent activities in the Hong Kong Polytechnic University have escalated to rioting. Anyone who stays behind or assists rioters may be liable to the offence of ‘Taking Part in a Riot’,” the police said in a statement.

Anyone convicted of rioting can be penalised by up to 10 years in jail.

Police have condemned protesters for using “lethal weapons” against officers, including petrol bombs, bows, arrows, bricks and metal balls.

Protesters also threw objects from an elevated position inside the campus and launched projectiles with a makeshift catapult.



LRAD - Long Range Acoustic Hailing Devices


September 14, 2012

Video 6:30 minutes



Hong Kong pro-democracy district councillor Cheng Lai-king arrested for ‘sedition’

March 26, 2020

Hong Kong police Thursday arrested an opposition politician under a colonial-era sedition law for allegedly sharing the identity of an officer who fired a baton round that blinded a journalist during protests last year. Police said they arrested 60-year-old Cheng Lai-king on suspicion of “action with seditious intention”. 

Democratic Party district councillor Cheng, 60, shared a Facebook post which gave details of a policeman suspected to have fired the baton round that blinded a journalist during the anti-government demonstrations.

“Unfortunately, the government of today decided that they would use this colonial law to silence political discontent,” Kwok said, calling it an act of “political revenge”.



Concerns are growing in Hong Kong after the arrest of a pro-democracy district council member that the government may not need to enact controversial new laws to accuse people of sedition and subversion.

The concept applied under British colonial rule to anyone who incites disaffection against "the person of His Majesty, or His Heirs or Successors, or against the government of this colony."


So what do the words "intention", "sedition" and "subversion" used by the police spokesperson Swalikh mean?  They sound like the use of poetic licence rather than legal terms.


Here’s What China Is Telling Its People About Hong Kong Protests

Bloomberg News

November 13, 2019

12:31 AM EST

Updated on November 13, 2019, 4:22 AM EST

Global Times warns of military intervention by Beijing

Social media users condemn protesters as “cockroaches”

Beijing — Chinese state media responded to the escalating street violence in Hong Kong with harshly worded commentaries, condemning some politicians and teachers for emboldening the demonstrators as social media users called protesters “cockroaches” and “thugs”. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-11-13/china-ratchets-up-anti-protest-rhetoric-as-violence-escalates

The coverage is in line with Beijing’s approach of framing the months-long protests as being led by a small group of extremists who are holding Hong Kong’s economy hostage against the wishes of the majority of residents. There was no mention of a protester, now in critical condition, whose shooting by a police officer on Monday helped reignite simmering tensions in the city this week.

In a commentary on Wednesday, the Global Times hinted that the central government could employ “direct intervention” under the Basic Law it uses to govern Hong Kong. “The rioters’ rampage is a short drive from the nearest outpost of the Shenzhen Armed Police Force and a short walk from the People’s Liberation Army in Hong Kong,” it said.

Xinhua and People’s Daily blamed politicians and teachers for supporting the protesters, while calling Hong Kong citizens to stand up against the violence.

“The politicians who are opposing China and disrupting Hong Kong glorify the violent crime as fighting for democracy and freedom, so as to turn Hong Kong into an independent or half-independent political entity,” Xinhua said in a commentary.

The article bashed teachers who it accused of selling “packaged reactionary ideas using western theories” and promoting “civil disobedience” and “illegal justice, just like a cult, brainwashing young people”.

On the mandarin-dominant social media platform Weibo, violent protesters were widely described as cockroaches in Cantonese, the Chinese dialect used in Hong Kong. Users also commented angrily under a video clip showing the bloodied face of a Hong Kong resident. “Thugs have completely over taken the streets of Hong Kong,” one user said.



Protest chaos leads to the most bank branch closings in Hong Kong’s history other than during typhoons

250 bank branches, 19 per cent of the city’s outlets, were closed the whole day while another 100 closed earlier than usual

ATMs, online banking remain open

Enoch Yiu

Published: 3:20pm, 13 Nov, 2019

Updated: 7:13pm, 13 Nov, 2019

One in five branches of the 18 major banks, including all three note-issuing banks in the city – HSBC, Standard Chartered Bank and Bank of China (Hong Kong) – shut their doors for the day. In addition, another 100 bank branches closed earlier than usual.

The troubling sign in one of Asia’s most important financial hubs occurred as protesters used bricks to smash the glass facade of the branch of the Bank of Communications (Hong Kong) on Pedder Street in Central. The crowd, including some people in suits, clapped when the glass broke.

The closed bank outlets represented about 19 per cent of all 1,300 branches in the city, based on banks contacted by the South China Morning Post and information posted on bank websites.



Police, protesters face off in renewed clashes in Hong Kong


November 11, 2019

Lam pledged Monday to stop the violent protests in comments suggesting harsher legal and police measures could be coming.

“I do not want to go into details, but I just want to make it very clear that we will spare no effort in finding ways and means that could end the violence in Hong Kong as soon as possible,” she said.

Lam refused to accept the demands for political concessions. “These rioters’ actions have far exceeded their demands, and they are enemies of the people,” she said.

One of their demands is for the government to stop labeling the demonstrators as rioters, which connotes that even peaceful protest is a criminal activity. Their other unmet demands are for democratic changes in Hong Kong’s government, criminal charges to be dropped against protesters and for police actions against the protesters to be independently investigated.



Hong Kong in Disarray After Night of Intense Clashes

Wall Street Journal

November 12, 2019

Anger at the police is running high, and each round of confrontations has provided fresh fuel

Video 1:55 minutes



The epicentre was the Chinese University of Hong Kong in New Territories where the usually placid hillside grounds were turned into a battlefield.

Police fired repeated volleys of tear gas and rubber bullets at hundreds of protesters who had built barricades in an hours-long stand-off between the two sides.

Protesters responded with bricks and petrol bombs, while a vehicle used in a barricade was set alight.

Video 2:51


The Guardian view on Hong Kong: policing the crisis


Brutal treatment of protesters and a government that will not listen have inflamed a dangerous situation

Last modified on Wed 13 Nov 2019 02.06 GMT

Video 2:42

Hong Kong protests: student shot and man set on fire during clashes – video Hong Kong is unrecognizable. In less than six months a global financial centre known for its efficiency and pragmatism has become consumed by rage and violence. On Tuesday, as police stormed a university campus to arrest students, and their teargas and rubber bullets were met by petrol bombs, parts of the campus looked more like a conflict zone than a seat of learning.

The initial trigger for all this was the now-withdrawn extradition bill. But the government’s response, and in particular police brutality, has fired the protests. The latest escalation was sparked by the death of a student who fell from a building following police clashes with protesters last week. Most responded passionately but peacefully – with an estimated 100,000 gathering this weekend for a vigil. Others have ramped up their stance.

As activists disrupted the morning commute for two days in a row, and attacked property associated with support for the Hong Kong government and Beijing, footage showed police officers shooting a demonstrator in the torso at close range; driving a motorbike into protesters repeatedly; and beating a person inside a church. Meanwhile another horrific video showed a man being sprayed with flammable liquid and set alight, apparently by a protester with whom he had been arguing, in an indefensible attack that has appalled supporters of the movement as well as those bitterly opposed to it.

John Tsang, the city’s former financial secretary, defeated by Ms Lam for the chief executive post, observed on Tuesday that, given the imbalance of power between protesters and the government, the government should take the initiative to de-escalate the force it is using. This seems like a statement of the obvious but from a pro-establishment figure it is striking. Yet it will almost certainly go unheard. Beijing appears more determined than ever to rely upon increased repression and a few economic sweeteners. But neither trigger-happy policing nor bungs can resolve this political struggle.