D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi



                                     Bubonic Plague Overwhelms Hong Kong

                             History as Perspective

If one reads or watches the news then one doesn't have a very good idea of what's going on. One reason is the issue of follow-up. One misses the follow-up or it is buried in the current news. For example, Ambassador McCallum was asked to resign a year ago from his post in Beijing. Is he still doing more and more in Hong Kong?

There is where history comes in. It provides perspective. In a sense, history resembles the experience of a senior who has seen many things before rather than looking at life through the eyes of a teenager. Generally speaking, the teenager neither follows the news nor is interested in history. He thinks he will live forever.

As both a senior and someone who is interested in history, let me try to use "perceptive perspective" with regard to the present situation concerning COVID-19. Currently, it has become the fifth flu. It differs from the previous influenzas primarily because it is more easily transmissible. It has spread from Wuhan to six continents very quickly in a matter of months. That also is aided by an interconnected world. It also differs from the previous influenze in another regard. It has mutated genes of HIV and Bubonic plague suggesting it was genetically engineered rather than occurring naturally.

In the past, what did people fear the most in terms of disease? The answer hands down was the Bubonic plague with its more serious variation called the Pneumonic plague. There were actually a series of three plague pandemics. The earliest began in 541-542 BCE at the time of Justinian who was a Roman emperor. Over a period of two centuries it killed between 25-100 million. The next was plague originating from China in 1347. It wiped out between 100-200 million.

The third plague began in the year 1855 during the fifth year of the Xianfeng Emperor of the Qing dynasty in the province of Yunnan, China. It is believed the plague infected fleas carried by the yellow-breasted rat and they in turn infected humans. It struck London between 1665-1666 and was known as the Great Plague. By 1894, it spread to Canton (Guangzhou) where it killed 60,000 in a matter of weeks. It then spread to Hong Kong where it lasted until 1929. Eventually, the plague reached five continents. It is estimated to have killed more than 12 million. It was active until 1960.

The update of an analysis of the three plagues was completed in 2010. The team led by geneticist Mark Achtman concluded they are tied together. The plagues originated from China. Western Yunnan Province continues to be a natural reservoir for the plague. "In 2013, researchers confirmed earlier speculation that the cause of the Plague of Justinian was Yersinia pestis, the same bacterium responsible for the Black Death (1347–1351). Ancient and modern Yersinia pestis strains closely related to the ancestor of the Justinian plague strain have been found in Tian Shan, a system of mountain ranges on the borders of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and China." Bubonic plague isn't history.

D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi





Benedict, Carol (1996). Bubonic plague in eighteenth-century China. Stanford, CA: Stanford Univ. Press. pp. 47, 70. ISBN 978-0804726610.


End of Fang Fang's diary: I have fought that beautiful battle (March 24)


Although today is the last one, it does not mean that I will write nothing in the future. My Weibo is still my platform, and I will still express my views on Weibo as before. And I will not give up on urging accountability. Many people said in the message that the official cannot hold the blame, and there is no hope in this matter. I don't know if the official will ultimately hold the responsibility. However, no matter what the officials think, as citizens of Wuhan who have been locked in their homes for more than two months, as witnesses who have witnessed the tragic days of Wuhan in person, we have a duty and an obligation to justify those who strangled them. Whoever makes the mistake is responsible for it. If we give up accountability, if we forget this period of time, if one day we don’t even remember Chang Kai ’s despair, then I want to say: Wuhan people, you bear more than just disaster, you will also bear shame . Forget the shame! If anyone wants to easily check this off, I don't think it will ever be possible. I write them word by word, and I also write them on the pillar of history's shame.

I especially want to thank those ultra-leftists who besieged me every day. Without their encouragement, a lazy person like me might not have written for a long time, or maybe three days of fishing and two days of exposure to the net, which could not write much. And how many people will read the records that I have hand-held? What makes me especially happy is that their attacks on me have almost spelled out the entire family. Gathered all their teams, almost everyone wrote an article. But what do readers see? I saw their chaotic logic, deformed thoughts, distorted perspectives, poor writing, and inferior character. In short, they reveal their shortcomings every day and show their perverted values ​​every day. People are thinking at this moment: ah? It turns out that these extreme left big Vs are like this!

Yes, this is what they really are. The writing and thinking level of the high school student who wrote to me is about their highest level. In fact, some people already have a very accurate summary of the extreme left, which should still be available online. In recent years, despite the low level of the extreme left, they are just like the new crown virus, infecting our society a little bit, especially when they are active in front of the saddle of officials, and spread to many officials as quickly as possible. Those infected with the virus, in turn, become their protectors, helping them to grow older every day. It's so arrogant that it's as big as a triad structure. The entire network can be left to the wind and the rain, and they can humiliate dissidents at will. Because of this, I have to say time and time again: the extreme left is the existence of China's national calamity! They are the biggest resistance to reform and opening up! If this ultra-leftist force is allowed to run rampant and indulge the virus to infect the whole society, reform will fail and China has no future.


Video: 1:22 minutes (English subtitles)




Coronavirus: All international arrivals to Beijing to be sent to quarantine facilities


March 15, 2020

Beijing authorities will send all international arrivals in the Chinese capital to quarantine facilities starting Monday, state media reported, as China steps up measures against imported coronavirus cases.

People arriving from abroad had previously been allowed to undergo the mandatory two-week quarantine at home, but now only those in “special circumstances” will be exempted from being sent to facilities where they must pay for their stay, local Communist Party newspaper Beijing Daily reported Sunday.



Ren Zhiqiang (Chinese: 任志强; born 8 March 1951) is a Chinese former real estate tycoon, a member of the Beijing Municipal Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and a blogger on Sina Weibo with more than 37 million followers Nicknamed "Big Gun Ren", he is known for his outspoken criticism of the Communist Party.He disappeared on 12 March 2020.His phone is turned off. (Wikipedia)

Horror after top coronavirus critic of Chinese President Xi Jinping disappears

A PROMINENT critic of Chinese President Xi Jinping has gone missing after speaking out over coronavirus.

Gursimran Hans

Mar 15, 2020

Property tycoon Ren Zhiqiang was reported missing by friends on Saturday morning according to the New York Times. In recent weeks Mr Ren wrote an essay criticising Xi and the Chinese government for silencing coronavirus whistleblowers.

Mr Ren had previously come to the attention of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) after criticising Xi’s propaganda policies.

The Hill report he was banned from leaving China and forced to delete his social media accounts.



Coronavirus Can Live in Patients for Five Weeks After Contagion

Claire Che

March 12, 2020

Patients with the new coronavirus keep the pathogen in their respiratory tract for as long as 37 days, a new study found, suggesting they could remain infectious for many weeks.

In yet another sign of how difficult the pandemic may be to contain, doctors in China detected the virus’s RNA in respiratory samples from survivors for a median of 20 days after they became infected, they wrote in an article published in the Lancet medical journal.

The findings have “important implications for both patient isolation decision-making and guidance around the length of antiviral treatment,” Fei Zhou from the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and the other authors wrote.



Wuhan Author Fang Fang and her "Quarantine Diary" (封城日记) 

Herself in quarantine in the city, Fang Fang (方 方) began on January 25 to write her “Quarantine Journal” (《封 城 日记》), published on weixin (微 信) under the title “Journal of Wuhan of Fang Fang ”(《方 方武汉 日记》). In a context of strict control of the media and publications, it is one of the few unofficial texts on the subject which has not been systematically erased as it was published on the internet. Censorship was carried out sporadically on certain days, depending on the content, and especially on the keywords used, which themselves have evolved over time, giving the impression of a random process, as is often the case.

This is what Fang Fang humorously said at the start of his post on February 29:

天 又 晴 了。 阴阴 晴晴 , 有点 像 我 的 封 城 日记 , 开 开封 封。

The weather is good again. It’s bad one day, beautiful the next day, it’s like my newspaper, authorized one day, blocked the next day.

Diary Address: https://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/C7YjSL3bcO-CMgLFntq3qA

Diary as a Chinese genre: http://www.chinese-shortstories.com/Actualites_188.htm

Background of Fang Fang: http://www.chinese-shortstories.com/Auteurs_de_a_z_FangFang.htm


Hayward: China Threatens to Cut Off Medicine, Throw America into ‘Mighty Sea of Coronavirus’

John Hayward

March 13, 2020

The Xinhua piece, published on March 4 and entitled “Be Bold: The World Owes China a Thank You,” was largely composed of standard Chinese Communist Party propaganda about how the world stands in awe of China’s amazing response to the coronavirus outbreak. Naturally, it neglected to mention how the virus ran wild in the first place because of Chinese bureaucratic incompetence and cover-ups.

The Chinese have become as determined to wipe the first months of the coronavirus from the pages of history as they are to keep anyone from remembering Tiananmen Square. The Xinhua article made a point of noting that China has leverage over the U.S. and Europe because it can restrict the supply of medicines that were unwisely outsourced to China in the heyday of globalism.

The Chinese paper explicitly threatened to do so if Americans and Europeans continue criticizing its response to the coronavirus or act too slowly to lift travel bans and other restrictions the Chinese government dislikes, but then cushioned the threat in the Communist Party’s usual creepy way by insisting China is filled with so much “love” for the world that it would never harm the people of other countries, or even “insult” them the way China has been “insulted” during the coronavirus epidemic.


Chinese official spreads conspiracy theory "US Army" brought coronavirus to Wuhan

Christopher Brito

March 13, 2020

A Chinese official is accusing he American military of bringing the coronavirus to Wuhan, the Chinese city where the virus originated. Lijian Zhao, a spokesperson for China's ministry of foreign affairs, tweeted out the conspiracy theory as U.S. lawmakers continued to fault China's handling of the outbreak.

CBS News' Christina Ruffini reports that the U.S. State Department summoned the Chinese ambassador to express its displeasure with the false claims, and gave him "a very stern representation of the facts."



                            The Advancement of Rights

Xu Zhiyong ( 许志永 ) may be best known for his foundation in May 2012 of the New Citizens' Movement (新公民运动). However, the founding of the NCM may be regarded as June 2010. This corresponded with the Open Letter called The Citizens' Pledge regarding civil rights' awareness. One of the key components of the pledge was "Equal Rights for Education". One specific campaign was to abolish the hukou restriction in gaokao (college admission exam) for migrants' children in large cities.

Scholarism (學民思潮)in Hong Kong developed independently from the New Citizens' movement on the mainland. It defended the autonomy of Hong Kong's education policy from Beijing's influence. It then participated in the Umbrella Movement (雨傘運動).

Ironically, one thing that both the New Citizens' Movement and Scholarism had in common was educational policy. While certain individuals in both groups were prominent one might say that both groups were leaderless. However, they differed in the maturity of their members. The NCM was composed of an assortment of older and more mature scholars, lawyers, journalists and activists. Scholarism was composed of younger secondary students. This meant that the NCM in terms of educational policy was an inclusive movement. They wanted peasants to have an equal opportunity with the wealthy. Scholarism can be defined as being exclusive or independent of the mainland's educational system.

There is another difference in thought though in evolution of the two movements with regard to education. Generally speaking, members of the NCM had completed their education and had begun their careers. As a result, they were oriented to practical ways to meet their goals. On the other hand, demonstrations interrupted the education of the participants of Scholarism to pursue higher education. They were successful in forcing the government to retract indoctrination through moral and national education.To be summarily succinct, NCM sought "for" something to be enacted while Scholarism fought "against" something to be redacted; namely, inclusion and exclusion respectively. This meant that the defining trait of Scholarism was reactive while NCM was constructive.

However, the antecedent and precedent of the NCM with respect to Xu Zhiyong was his legal defence of the two Suns; namely Sun Zhigang and Sun Dawu. The former was a graduate of Wuhan University of Science and Technology. He went to Guangzhou to work for Daji Garment Company. He had been detained after being unable to produce his temporary living permit (暫住証) and his identity card when he was stopped by the police. He had not applied for the former and had forgotten the later in Wuhan. Within three days of his arrest he was savagely beaten by police and died. As a result, it was argued by the defence team on his behalf that the C&R law for migrant workers was unconstitutional on the grounds that it violated citizens' rights articles of the Constitution.

Xu Zhiyong was also part of the legal team that defended the private businessman Sun Dawu. This was another case that made international headlines. Sun was accused of establishing an illegal credit co-operative at the village of Langwuzhuang, Hebei. To paraphrase Sun, though, there is no legal means to raise funds. However, corporate executives among whom were his brothers were also arrested and the whole business was shut down. The author also was put under house arrest for three days beginning May 28, 2003. He was establishing a college at the site during the SARS crisis.

The Sun Zhigang and Sun Dawu incidents marked the beginning of the civil right's movement in China. There were two achievements of the movement. The first was The Open Constitution Initiative (公盟) which spoke up for rule of law and constitutionalism. The most lasting achievement was the establishment of China's first Private Entrepreneurial Constitutional System in 2004 by the Dawu Group. All workers are potential leaders whose responsibilities are to manage the business. It provides free elections every two years. Everyone must vote.

D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi





                          Fast Forward to the Past

To bring you up to speed I have to slow down and turn the clock back about a year. The African Swine Fever or Flu (ASF) hit China at the end of 2018. By the time January 2019 rolled along it was causing havoc with the swine herds. It didn't infect too many people; although, one of the exceptions was notable-- butchers.

Mysteriously, it hit the swine herd owned by a joint company with majority owner Dawu Group. For a disease that flourishes in clusters it was rather incomprehensible how this site was hit where no other cases had been reported in Hebei Province. It appears there was a cover-up by the government. The company lost 15,000 swine in a matter of weeks. When Sun Dawu commented on the situation his blog was shut-down. The whistleblower was condemned to "whisperblow".

The author then took up where Sun Dawu was forced to shut up. He looked at the impact on small farmers who suffered the most from the devastating virus. The lack of transparency of the government--to use a mild term--engendered mistrust among the peasants. Questions were raised about debt levels of the country and again the issue of transparency and trust were raised.

It was with this background that the author decided to research the area of H1NI. The most recent outbreak of this viral disease was 2009. This disease though had evolved since the time of the Spanish Influenza in 1917. At that time, it may have killed at least 50,000,000. He was also interested in the possible financial impact on China with its high levels of debt with respect to deflation particularly in the property area. In addition, one has to consider how the peasants and migrants might react to more oppression and tribulation as fear is replaced with anger.

However, the author realized that the area of the analysis could be rather explosive in terms of its content. At the beginning of the summer of 2019, he contacted a leading Chinese expert. Basically, the author wanted the expert to peer review his analysis; although, he did not divulge the subject matter. The expert failed to respond to the author's request. The result was that the author did not write the analysis.

What I find today with the outbreak of coronavirus is quite similar to the concerns I had earlier with regard to H1N1. I had speculated that the outbreak might begin in either Guangzhou or Hong Kong in the spring of 2020. The outbreak would probably be covered up like the ASF in 2018-2019 and SARS in 2003. While my views on the economy were not fully developed because I hadn't begun the actual paper; nevertheless, I had been concerned about high debt levels in a virus induced deflationary environment.

In the early winter of 2019, I was offered a teaching job for life at Dawu Group with full benefits including apartment. Because of my previous concerns about H1N1 I had a full course of inoculations for flu, pneumonia, and Hepatitis.

A little earlier I had written Dr. Jane Philpott a letter. I invited her to accompany me to China in order to see for herself the hospital of Dawu Group. I'm not aware of anything comparable to it. For example, the citizens of a nearby village called Langwuzhuang were given hospital coverage even though they were not among the employees of Dawu Group. Furthermore, the hospital offers a guarantee. If there is a misdiagnosis the patient will be financially compensated.

It was on January 14, 2020 that I notified Dawu Group that I would not be arriving. Based on British studies that I had read of the coronavirus it was apparent that there was an undereporting of the number of cases. I also warned Dawu Group that since Wuhan was in the center of China that the virus would be spread to all regions of China within six hours by bullit train at the time of the Spring Festival with its migration of 1 billion people.

While the Dawu Group is somewhat insulted from effects of the virus because it is in the countryside it did not reduce the commitment of the Group to help the people of Wuhan. Two hundred medical personnel agreed to go to the front lines of Wuhan to fight the battle.

Perhaps I was more aware of the dangers of this particular strategy because of my access to western sources. I therefore suggested that the Group choose Hong Kong as the location where their services could be best employed. At that time there were only 24 cases with no deaths. Two hundred personnel would not be overworked with 24 patients. Of course, for my own selfish reasons I knew that I could not be extradited from Hong Kong to the mainland to face imprisonment for advocating , in the past, issues of free speech, civil rights, rule of law and constitutionalism.

I personally volunteered to administer the program and provide logistical leadership. Of course, I would be with patients, too, as the poet Walt Whitman had volunteered in the Union hospitals during the Civil War. The Group though thought that Wuhan was the priority. Unfortunately, as a private concern, the government rejected their offer to help the people of Wuhan.

Earlier, I had begun a special section on this website dedicated to the novel coronavirus. The purpose was to help fill the information gap for Chinese intellectuals and activists both on the mainland and Hong Kong regarding the virus. With the death of Dr. LI Wenliang (whistleblower) the issue of free speech came to the forefront.

The author has tried for years to warn the Canadian government regarding their pollyanish attitude and behaviour to China on a multitude of issues including Huawei, national security, fentanyl and democracy etc. However, they have been consumed by wilful ignorance which in my opinion verges on negligence and dereliction of duty.

For example, it came as no surprise to learn that Prime Minister Trudeau was gallivanting and galloping about Africa to secure a unicorn seat on the Security Council of the UN. On February 6, 2020 he began his campaign in Ethiopia and Senegal. One wonders if he was even aware of or cared about the outbreak of novel coronavirus in Wuhan which would be cataclysmic for underdeveloped countries in Africa if it spread--let alone in his forgotten Canada.

Did he pick-up a copy of the newspaper Democracia in Ethiopia or the Khartoum Monitor in Sudan? It might have told him about the news of the death of Dr. Frank Plummer on February 5th who was the keynote speaker at the the University of Nairobi’s collaborative centre for research and training in HIV/AIDS/STIs. Dr. Plummer had been head of the National Microbiology Institute (level 4 biosecurity containment facility) up until his leave for personal health reasons.

That was the same place from which QIU Xiangguo and CHENG Keding had been escorted out of for "possible" breach of policy. She was an expert on coronaviruses with mutated ebola and HIV genes which made their way to the level 4 center in Wuhan. Speaking of cover-ups with regard to the virus outbreak in Wuhan, what exactly happened at the NMI? It is a matter of national security and is of utmost importance to the Canadian public with regard to the outbreak of novel coronavirus in Wuhan because COVID-19 is returning to infect the Canadian population. Haven't you noticed, too, that Beijing has provided a number of unsatisfactory explanations for the emergence of the virus in Wuhan, but has not alluded to Dr. Qiu's activities at NMI or for that matter Harvard's Dr. Lieber who had a clandestine affiliation with Wuhan University of Technology (WUT).

D.卡尔顿 罗西
D. Carlton Rossi